Automated Guided Vehicle (AGV):
The benchmark for Lean Production

uTrack is the Automated Guided Vehicle (AGV) system for demanding applications and the benchmark for lean production. The uTrack system is track-guided and has unbeatable advantages over conventional AGVs: e.g. efficient heavy-load transport, high-precision positioning, fleet accuracy and maintenance-free components. Due to these outstanding features and the extreme areas of applications, we call our AGV Ultra-Track or in short: uTrack.

5-200 t
Max. load transport
± 0.3 mm
Positioning accuracy
10 X
More energy efficient
260 mm
Min. vehicle height
99.8 %
Production reliability
The Automated Guided Vehicle in use as a heavy-duty AGV.

Ultra strong

Reliable and safe transport of products up to 200 t

uTrack is the heavy-duty AGV for automated material transport from 5 to 200 t: Due to the uTrack track guidance, even extremely long and wide loads can be moved safely. High load capacities can be realized regardless of the ground quality. Even large weight differences or the relocation of the material center of gravity have no effect on the positioning accuracy.

Ultra precise

Positioning and fleet repeat accuracy up to ±0.3 mm

The track guidance enables high-precision positioning and repeatability: consistently across the entire vehicle fleet. This unique feature enables optimal integration into automated processes and precise interaction with robots or machines. This reduces commissioning to a minimum. The uTrack track guidance eliminates lateral deviations, height tolerances or angular errors of the front and rear wheels.

The Automated Guided Vehicle is optimized for high-precision interaction with robots or machines.
The components of the Automated Guided Vehicle (AGV) are maintenance-free.

Ultra efficient

The maintenance-free system with low operating costs

The maintenance-free components and high energy efficiency make the application of uTrack extremely economical and sustainable. Due to the minimal rolling resistance between the steel wheel and the steel rail, only low drive power is required to move large loads. Unlike conventional AGVs, there are no ruts in the production line and hall transitions or floor joints remain intact. Maximum productivity is offered by the integrated emergency concept: in the event of a system or power failure, uTrack keeps on working.

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Ultra compact

The flattest AGV system in its performance class with a total height of 260 mm

The uTrack track guiding system offers extremely high payload in an extremely small space. The result is an ultra-compact AGV with a low total height. Only 260 mm for an AGV with a capacity of up to 40 t. uTrack improves the ergonomic situation for work at and on the transported product, offering plenty of space around the AGV and making it possible to climb on and off the cart without any additional aids.

uTrack is the flattest AGV in the heavy-duty AGV performance class.
With a maximum production reliability of 99.8%, uTrack is optimal for minimal downtimes.

Ultra available

Minimised downtimes through maximized production reliability

uTrack is the optimal AGV for top production reliability. The reasons: An extreme robust technology in almost every production environment and an emergency concept in each AGV is standard. If a cart experiences unplanned downtime, operation can be continued manually in emergency mode. This means the product can remain on the cart and downtimes are minimized.

UTrack’s Leading edge:
Advantages over conventional AGVs

System comparison of Forum-AGV

Reduction of total costs (TCO*)

On the road to success with uTrack. Benefit from the economic advantages of the uTrack system. Compared to other AGVs, uTrack already scores with the lower acquisition costs. Further savings result from the reduction of maintenance and energy costs: e.g. no wear-related component replacement is necessary. Repairs to the RoundTracks are not necessary. In addition, no service or maintenance stations are required. Another plus point: downtimes due to the loss of the carriages position are eliminated. This means that no subsequent teaching of the carriages is necessary.
*TCO: Total Cost of Ownership

UTrack’s system
components: robust and reliable

The uTrack transport cart

The cart transports products up to 200 t automatically and with high precision. The chassis design can be individually adapted to the requirements. All system components are maintenance-free and designed for long-lasting use. The energy supply of the uTrack transport cart can be flexibly selected: battery or induction drive.

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The uTrack track guidance

The RoundTrack is the basis for the exact and safe guidance of the transport cart. It is installed in the floor and can be driven over by any vehicle. Turning and lifting devices allow the AGV to change direction easily. This means that any position can be reached at the site of operation. The hall floor remains undamaged.

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UTrack’s areas of application
from universal to extreme

Use of automated guided vehicles: manufacturing and production lines.

Application example manufacturing and production lines: Flow production for large-volume and heavy products up to 200 t.

Use of automated guided vehicles: storage systems.

Application example storage systems: Precise approach and storage of large or sensitive material.

Use of automated guided vehicles: machine operation and supply.

Application example machine operation and supply: Precise interactions with robots, machines or equipment.

FAQ: Frequently asked questions about automated guided vehicles (AGVs).


Automated guided vehicles (AGVs) are in-plant, floor-based conveyor systems with automatically controlled vehicles (AGVs) whose primary task is to transport materials, but not people. They are used inside and outside production buildings and essentially consist of

  • one or more driverless transport vehicles,
  • a control system,
  • equipment for determining location and recording the situation,
  • data transmission equipment, and
  • infrastructure and peripheral equipment.

(Source: VDI-Richtlinie VDI 2510 „Fahrerlose Transportsysteme“; Beuth-Verlag, Berlin, S. 6 f.)

There are many possible applications for AGVs in the areas of production, distribution and services. As a result of the diversity of areas of application and tasks, there are in principle no design limitations for AGVs. The majority of systems implemented to date can be characterized by the following overview:

Number of AGVs per system: one to several hundred

Load capacity of an AGV: a few kg to over 50 t

Travel speed: typically 1 m/s, but deviating values are also possible

Driving course length: a few m to over 10 km

Number of stations: unlimited (load change and work stations)

System control: manual to fully automatic, stand-alone or integrated in complex material flow systems

Operating time: sporadic to 24/7

Drive concept: electric motor driven, with or without battery combustion engine driven

Guided AGVs follow a defined route. For example, through rails embedded in the ground, transponders and other guidance systems. Autonomous AGVs, on the other hand, are equipped with additional sensor technology and navigation, which enable them to detect their surroundings, recognize obstacles and independently select a route.

With rail-guided AGVs, high load capacities can be realized regardless of the ground quality. Even large differences in weight or the shifting of the material's center of gravity have no effect. This enables efficient material handling of large and heavy products. These systems are referred to as heavy-duty AGVs. In addition, rail guidance ensures high precision. High precision is necessary for interaction with other machines for automated processes, as repeatability and small tolerances are required in this area.

Track guided vehicles (AGVs) offer several advantages, especially in certain applications and environments.

Efficient and reliable process: Guided AGVs can travel precisely and predictably along a predefined route. Fixed guidance on rails, magnetic guidance systems or floor markings enables accurate movement and positioning. This is especially necessary in environments where efficiency and availability are important, such as assembly lines and production facilities.

High load capacity: An automated guided vehicle system is ideal for transporting heavy or large products. Track-guided AGVs on rails are particularly preferred when transporting heavy loads (heavy-duty AGVs). The rail guidance helps to ensure stability and safety during transport.

Easy installation: Track guided systems usually require relatively simple installation. The rails, guide magnets or floor markers can be anchored into the infrastructure or placed on the floor. This facilitates system implementation and allows for quick start-up.

Cost efficiency: Track guided, automated transport systems are maximally efficient. They travel along a defined route, optimizing the availability of the AGV and thus improving the productivity of the entire production process.

Safety: Due to the stable guidance, track-guided AGVs offer increased safety in production. Since they cannot deviate from the predefined route, the risk of downtime due to unplanned stops or detours is reduced. This is particularly relevant in the final assembly area, as this is where most interaction with all other transport processes takes place.

Track guided AGVs are best suited for lean production. The advantages of lean production are cost savings, high productivity, quality and flexibility. This is achieved through lean processes and high utilization of machines and equipment. In particular, transport and waiting times are reduced to a minimum, as they are considered wasteful by definition and have a negative impact on the principle of flow production.

Automated guided vehicles automate transport and can ensure consistently high availability. Especially track guided AGVs have the advantage of optimal flexibility. Only routes that effectively map the production process are defined and do not allow any further deviations.

Autonomous transport systems offer maximum freedom and flexibility. In the AGV sector, these are currently referred to on the market as autonomous mobile robots (AMR). Depending on the degree of autonomy, they can support lean production by optimizing transport processes independently.

For lean production in production, AMR are rather unsuitable, because the autonomous transport leads to more transport and downtime due to additional flexibility instead of less. The autonomous driving around of obstacles can be mentioned here as a particular negative example. In addition, the operating costs for an AMR are many times higher than for a classic track-guided AGV.

A rail-guided AGV offers maximum efficiency through maximum production reliability. It is the simplest way to implement an automated guided vehicle system and offers the best availability with optimum flexibility. Especially as a heavy duty AGV for loads over 2,000 kg, it has unbeatable advantages e.g. in energy efficiency, compactness and safety. In addition, the total cost of ownership (TCO) over the planned system lifetime is the lowest.

AGV Automated Guided Vehicle

AMR Autonomous Mobile Robots (Autonomous Transport Systems)

Autonomous and free or better ultra precise and ultra efficient?

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